What is CBD Oil, and How is it Extracted From the Hemp Plant?

Over the last few years, there has been a huge increase in the number of people consuming CBD oils. This is in large part down to an increasing body of empirical evidence showing that CBD has several potentially beneficial properties.

In this short article, we will explain what CBD oil is and how companies extract it from the hemp plant. We will also tell you where you can buy high-quality CBD oils online.

What is CBD Oil?

CBD oil is short for cannabidiol, a non-intoxicating cannabinoid found in marijuana and hemp. As most CBD brands extract CBD from hemp, CBD oil is also commonly referred to as hemp oil.

CBD companies typically add carrier oil to their CBD oils, such as MCT oil sourced from coconut or palm oil. MCT oil stands for medium-chain triglycerides, which are a type of fat easily absorbed by the body. The reason for adding MCT oil is to increase the overall bioavailability of the hemp oil so that more of it gets absorbed by the consumer. Naturally, the more hemp oil absorbed by the body, the more benefits the consumer may potentially experience.

There are many different reasons why people consume CBD oils, but the main ones are to address inflammation and pain, to promote relaxation, or to try and improve sleep quality.

The three main types of CBD oils that are available on the market today are:

  • Full-Spectrum CBD oil
  • Broad-Spectrum CBD oil
  • CBD Isolate

We will discuss these in more detail next.

Different Types of CBD Oil

Full-Spectrum CBD Oil

Full-spectrum CBD oil contains compounds from the entire hemp plant, including CBD, THC, and other cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids.

It is important to note that full-spectrum hemp oil contains up to 0.3% THC, which is the maximum legal limit under federal law. THC is a cannabinoid with intoxicating effects that cause users to become high after consuming it in high enough doses. 

Broad-Spectrum CBD Oil

The main difference between broad-spectrum and full-spectrum CBD oils is that the former has all THC removed during processing. Some people prefer to consume a product without any THC, either for personal or legal reasons.

CBD Isolate

A CBD isolate contains no other hemp plant compounds, cannabinoids, or terpenes. After processing, all that remains is a white powder containing 99% pure CBD.

How is CBD Oil Extracted from Hemp?

There are a number of ways to extract CBD from hemp. The most common methods are:

  1. Supercritical CO2 Extraction: A supercritical CO2 extractor uses pressurized carbon dioxide to extract CBD from the hemp plant material. Next, the CO2 is cooled and pressurized to a point where it becomes a supercritical fluid with the properties of both a liquid and a gas, allowing it to extract the CBD effectively from the plant material. Supercritical CO2 is considered the safest and most efficient method of extracting CBD.
  2. Ethanol Extraction: This extraction method uses ethanol as a solvent to draw out the CBD from the hemp plant material. Ethanol is used because it is a safe and effective solvent that can extract a high yield of CBD. It produces a CBD oil high in quality and purity; however, it may leave behind some residual traces of ethanol in the final product unless it is properly purged.
  3. Steam Distillation: As you’d expect, this method uses steam to extract CBD from hemp. Steam is passed through the hemp plant material, which causes the CBD to evaporate and separate from the other plant compounds. The steam is then cooled and condensed back into a liquid, where the CBD is collected.
  4. Solvent Extraction: Several CBD brands use solvents like butane, hexane, and propane to extract CBD from hemp. However, one of the drawbacks of this extraction method is that it can be dangerous and leave behind a toxic residue if not carried out correctly.

Where Can I Buy CBD Online?

Many Australians looking to buy hemp oil online typically perform a simple Google search using keywords like: “buy CBD oil online Australia.” However, as the CBD industry is poorly regulated, you may end up buying low-quality CBD oils this way.

If you want to buy some of the best CBD oils online, it is best to stick with leading brands, such as Premium Jane Australia, that have a proven track record of supplying high-quality CBD-infused products. Furthermore, Premium Jane has all of its hemp oil products tested by independent labs to verify their safety and purity.

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